What exactly is a

Terpene?

(ter-peen)

Lab Effets Terpene Hero Box
Lab Effets Terpene Hero Box

The Many Sides Of Terpenes

Terpenes are aromatic hydrocarbon molecules that fall into a class of compounds made up of linked isoprene unit chains. An isoprene is a common naturally occurring molecule abundant in nature which holds the chemical formula C₅H₈. When two isoprene units link, a monoterpene (C₁₀H₁₆) is formed; a sesquiterpene (C₁₅H₂₄) from three isoprene units, diterpenes (C₂₀H₃₂) from four, triterpenes (C₃₀H₄₈) from six, and so on.

Terpenes are a major component of plant resins making it the primary ingredient of its essential oil. Most terpenes serve as potent scent molecules for the dual purpose of protection from predators and attracting pollinators. Plants also release terpenes in the form of aerosols, which agglomerate with other atmospheric compounds and encourage the formation of water vapor. This forms protective clouds that cool the plant during extended periods of hot weather.

Alpha-Pinene

(Pine-Needles)

May interfere with molecules that dilate our blood vessels which as a result reduces inflammation.

Linalool

(Lavender)

A sedative that may support pain relief similar to CBD.

Humulene

(Hops)

May act as anti-anxiety agents along side CBG and CBC.

Limonene

(Citrus Peels)

Similar to Hops, limonene may act as anti-anxiety agents along side CBG and CBC.

Terpenes And The Human Body

Beyond providing plants their aroma, protection, and mechanism of reproduction, terpenes have direct interactions with the human body when consumed or inhaled. They actually support other medicinal molecules of a plant, such as cannabinoids, amplifying their therapeutic value.

Engulfing a cell’s surface and binding with its receptors from multiple angles, cannabinoids like THC, CBD, CBG, CBN, and CBC produce better outcomes when they are consumed alongside a supporting cast of terpenes. This combined synergy has become known as the entourage effect and is why terpenes have become recognized as playing such a critical role in the overall cannabis puzzle.

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