Terpenes As Aroma & Flavoring Agents
Terpenes are the scent molecules found in all plants and serve as a major component of plant resins. This makes them the primary ingredients of any given plant’s essential oil. Thus, terpenes contribute to providing the unique essence, or aromatic fingerprint, we associate with familiar botanical species.
Although terpenes are found in most plants and some insects, today they are widely recognized as the potent molecules that give the cannabis plant its unique aroma, flavor, and therapeutic qualities. The essential oil derived from cannabis contains the pure essence (flavor, scent) of the plant from which it is extracted. Even the untrained nose can identify differences of citrus, spicy, to herbal and skunky, woody, piney, diesel, and coffee. We have terpenes to thank for it all, and cannabis provides a spectrum of profiles for every palette.
At Lab Effects our clients use terpenes to add flavor, fragrance, and therapeutic value to their product formulations. By isolating and extracting botanical or cannabis terpenes, we’re able to capture these diverse aromas and flavors and create much broader profile formulations.
We’ve broken down some of the most common isolated terpenes by their four key aromas and flavors, equipping you with everything you need to formulate an edible so tasty we’ll want to bring it to our next potluck.
Aromatic Profile: Sharp, sweet, fresh and piny
Botanical Sources: Pine and conifer trees, rosemary, orange peels
Associated Cannabis Strains: Jack Herer, Dutch Treat, OG Kush, Blue Dream, ChemDawg, Trainwreck, Romulan, Island Sweet Skunk, Strawberry Cough, Bubba Kush
Aromatic Profile: Fresh, piny, earthy, spicy
Botanical Sources: Cedar, pine, and conifer trees, dill, eucalyptus, oranges, parsley, rosemary, basil
Associated Cannabis Strains: Jack Herer, Dutch Treat, Romulan, Blue Dream, Island Sweet Skunk, OG Kush, Bubba Kush, ChemDawg, God Bud, LA Confidential, Mango Haze, Strawberry Cough, Haze Berry, Royal Jack, Trainwreck
Aromatic Profile: Sweet, piny, woody, pungent
Botanical Sources: Turpentine, rosemary, basil, pepper, cedar
Associated Cannabis Strains: Lemon Shining Silver Haze, Skunk XL, Arjan’s Ultra Haze #2, Super Silver Haze, Lemon Haze
Aromatic Profile: Citrusy, bitter
Botanical Sources: Citrus fruits, piny, rosemary, mint, fennel, juniper, cannabis
Associated Cannabis Strains: Cookies and Cream, Dirty Girl, Lemon G, Liberty Haze, Emerald Jack, Shining Silver Haze
Aromatic Profile: Fruity, earthy, clove-like
Botanical Sources: Sweet basil, hops, mangos
Associated Cannabis Strains: OG Kush, Remedy, 9 Pound Hammer, Grape Ape, FPOG, AK-47, Granddaddy Purple, Blue Dream, Tangie, Harlequin
Aromatic Profile: Citrusy, sweet
Botanical Sources: Cumin, thyme, angelica root, bay leaves, basil, carrot seed, cloves, clary sage, grapefruit, anise, oregano, eucalyptus, coriander, mace
Aromatic Profile: Woody, spicy
Botanical Sources: Black pepper, basil, copaiba, black caraway, oregano, lavender, allspice, fig, roman chamomile, cloves, hops, cinnamon, ylang-ylang, rosemary, cannabis
Associated Cannabis Strains: Royal Cookies, OG Kush, White Widow, Death Star, Blueberry Cheesecake, Candyland, GSC, Cookies and Cream, GG4, Purple Punch
Aromatic Profile: Earthy, woody, spicy
Botanical Sources: Hops, cannabis, basil, clove, black pepper, sage, ginseng
Associated Cannabis Strains: Death Star, Headband, Thin Mint GSC, Original Glue, Candyland, White Widow, Pink Kush, Bubba Kush, Super Lemon Haze, Sour Diesel, Skywalker OG
Aromatic Profile: Smoky, woody, herbal
Botanical Sources: Lilac, tea tree, nutmeg, pine trees, apples, cannabis, cumin
Associated Cannabis Strains: Dutch Treat, Sensi Star, J1, Super Jack, Lemon Sour Diesel, Afghani, Jean Guy, Super Lemon Haze, Arjan’s Haze #3, Sour Tangie, Snowcap, Shipwreck, Sour Tsunami
Aromatic Profile: Floral, rose, citrus
Botanical Sources: Lemongrass, rose, geranium, chamomile, sandalwood, cannabis, catnip
Associated Cannabis Strains: Amnesia Haze, Great White Shark, Island Sweet Skunk
Aromatic Profile: Sweet, rose, slightly citrusy
Botanical Sources: Rose, palmarosa, citronella, geranium, lemon
Associated Cannabis Strains: Afghan, Skunk Headband, Island Sweet Skunk, Afghani, Lavender, Amnesia Haze
Aromatic Profile: Floral, spicy
Botanical Sources: Lavender, laurel, cinnamon, rosewood, mint, birch trees, citrus fruits
Associated Cannabis Strains: Amnesia Haze, Special Kush, Lavender, LA Confidential, OG Shark
Interested to learn more about the flavors and aromas of pure isolated terpenes? Check out our terpene glossary or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.